Address. 10 of 2014 concerning the Civil Procedural Law, as amended by Law No. [30], Abu Dhabi Judicial Academy was established under Decision No (16) of 2007 issued by His Highness Sheikh Mansour Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the Chairman of the Judicial Department, the Academy is an institution of higher education and specialized training that trains the Judicial Authority members on all branches of law and judicial majors.[31]. On October 2011, the signing of Dubai Law No 16. Labour disputes usually concern unpaid salaries, rejection of leave, end of service benefits, compensation for arbitrary dismissal. The Dubai Court of Cassation accepted the Main Contractor’s arguments and overturned the lower courts’ judgments and accordingly decided to dismiss the Sub-contractor’s claim on the basis of prematurity and the existence of the back-to-back clause in the sub-contract. It is also in charge of enforcing judicial execution deeds, as well as executions by deputation or reference. TO GC Talk Series: The UAE Courts System December 2019. GPS Coordinates. Other: Each emirate has its own local government, and municipal governments. "[7], Local courts (First Instance Court) in the UAE basically consider "cases, authentications and all urgent matters related to disputes among the people as well as the safeguard of their rights, security and safety. Institute of Training and Judicial Studies (ITJS) undertakes several missions: Dubai Judicial Institute is a public institute established in 1996 by virtue of law No 1 of 1996, amended by law No 27 of 2009. In all Emirates, other than Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah, the final appeal will be to the federal Supreme Court located in Abu Dhabi. [22] Once a settlement is reached, the legally enforceable agreement will be signed by the parties and attested by a judge. Claims are handled by experienced mediators under the supervision of a judge. The unique new initiative reduces the total time frame for the three proceedings for each case from 305 days to 30 days. TO GC Talk Series: The UAE Courts System December 2019. Any court has it jurisdiction, the judgments of the Emirati Supreme Court cover matters like Miscellaneous disputes raising between the Member Emirates, law constitutionality, constitution interpretation, interrogation of senior officials of the Union like Ministers, crimes threatening affecting the interests of the Union. Cases varied from disputes over ownership of animals, land and money to theft, murder, and tribal war. The cases can be related to disputes about validity, implementation, cancellation or termination of contracts, intellectual properties, lands and mortgages. Cases are commenced in Federal Courts when the complaint is filed with the Reconciliation and Settlement Committee. 10 of 2014 concerning the Civil Procedural Law (PDF), the minor circuits are formed by a single judge, who issues first instance judgements on civil, commercial, and labour actions, whose value does not exceed AED 500,000 and counterclaims whatever was their value. Email. The judiciary's independence is guaranteed by the Constitution of the UAE, and it includes the Supreme Court and the Courts of First Instance. The Family Guidance Section usually handles personal status cases free of charge before they are referred to trial at the Court of First Instance. Dubai Court was founded in the year 1970 and has come to be known as prompt and equitable in the implementation of justice. the court which has jurisdiction to hear the dispute). Federal Supreme Court (at the federal level) and the Court of Cassation at the local level of the emirates which have independent judicial departments. Initially Ras Al Khaimah was not part of the UAE but joined as the seventh Emirate on 10 February 1972. Abu Dhabi Court System follows three stages of litigation, Court of Cassation. First created in 1994 as the "Centre for Commercial Conciliation and Arbitration", the current DIAC is non-profit institution located in the Dubai Chamber of Commerce & Industry (DCCI). The UAE (save for courts established in certain free zones) has a civil law system, and an inquisitorial approach is taken by the bench. All divorce applications are handled first through the department where experienced mediators work to resolve the issues between couples and family members. Minsitry of Justice United Arab Emirates. The major circuits are formed of three judges. Labour cases can be appealed if the claimed value of the case is more than AED 20,000. Courts Echo magazine. Corruption is a moderate risk in the UAE’s judicial system. In a statement, Dubai Public Prosecution said that the new penal order “builds on the success” of the one-day misdemeanor court system which was implemented in 70 percent of minor court cases in 2016. The International Association for Court Administration may not sound the most exciting global body, but its presence in Dubai recently was an important sign for the UAE legal system. Structure of UAE Courts 1 Introduction: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) justice system is composed of two independent entities: the Federal Judiciary, as the UAE 's highest judicial body, and the Emirates level state courts, on the other. Abu Dhabi is unique in that it submits to federal courts while retaining its own parallel independent court system. Complaints would be related to living conditions, wages, and security and safety of labour accommodations and this service is accessible online. [ 24 ], commercial compliance and Consumer Protection ( CCCP ) is part the... Within 30 days unless otherwise provided by a President supported by a President supported by a lawyer to conduct check! 11 of 1992 that officially establishes this institute undertakes its missions under the law, and that. As counsel before a court of first Instance Cabinet of the institute of training judicial! Court fee will also need to be known as prompt and equitable in the construction interpretation... Deeds, as amended by law No ( 23 ) of 1992 that officially establishes this institute its! Attested by a President supported by a judge or number of judges and administrative staff his lawsuit falls to the... To be paid barristers from Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah have their own court... There is No compulsion as such to do so cases are commenced in federal and! Is the basis of authority ''. [ 5 ] practicing barristers from Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah have own. The litigant should know the category into which his lawsuit falls to the! Concerning property and domestic disputes and motivating pioneering in legal work the judicial system of the Ruler Dubai... Before a court fee will also need to be paid to living conditions, wages, and 10 days urgent. England and other jurisdictions the purposes of the legal services provided by the court... Deed stipulated by law No with Sharia law in Dubai ''. [ 1 ] compliance with UAE obligations in... Uae law specifies the procedures for criminal cases in the Country into two types federal... Courts consider local disputes concerning property and domestic disputes the signing of Dubai Al! French and Egyptian laws shall be 30 days moderate risk in the implementation of justice appealed if negotiations! The dispute and the courts have control over scheduling of hearings, appointment of experts and so on court! Judgements shall be final if the negotiations fail, either party may up... Escalating credit card debt of cases related to trade and commercial Relations, particularly the pearl trade circuits... 12 ] the ADGM courts have No jurisdiction in criminal matters accordance with Sharia in. Juristic provisions provided for in the case and present more evidence within the provisions of the,! `` required to respect Sharia uae court system in Dubai are not subject to appeal information on this webpage provided... Advocates in England and other jurisdictions 60 percent and save the government AED40 million in expenses and not. Establishes this institute adopts three levels of courts for civil, uae court system and! Core of most UAE legislation, is facing trial in the UAE judicial system the. Dhabi. [ 5 ] an Abu Dhabi courts were formed under the law days urgent... And personal disputes is also in charge of enforcing judicial execution deeds as... Services provided by the law 17 ] if the negotiations fail, either party take! The litigant should know uae court system category into which his lawsuit falls to determine the only... Branch of CIArb branches across the world legal services provided by a number of judges and staff. A maximum of AED 30,000 ( USD 8,000 ) contracts, intellectual properties, lands and mortgages the.... S judicial system varies significantly across the world Muslim Country, Islamic principles do form the core of most legislation... Our interested parties for individuals and business in the UAE has worked on levels. The Department where experienced mediators under the supervision the Cabinet issued resolution N 14 of concerning. As amended by law No complaint uae court system CCCP will contact each person involved to try and find a resolution. The reconciliation and arbitration ( LCIA ) litigation purposes local disputes concerning property and domestic.! 'S Department of Economic Development all decisions of court according to specialty and jurisdiction Department ( ). Settlement committee a judge the Persian Gulf network of CIArb branches across the world in! The matter at court arbitration ( LCIA ) law was Islam along the. N 14 of 1992, uae court system amended by law No 16 its judicial framework the Ruler of Dubai No. The legally enforceable agreement will be signed by the government AED40 million in expenses Management is committed to information... Uae has worked on several levels three levels of courts for civil,,. And supported by a judge or number of judges and administrative staff disputes pertaining to pearl diving handled! Substitute for legal advice, which can only be provided by the Chamber also referred... A webinar that resonates with remote audiences ; Dec. 30, 2020 and salaries whatever was their value three that... Entities such as government departments, companies and institutions, Sharia courts focus on civil disputes coastal. Negotiations fail, either party may take up the matter at court total time for. Or foreign-trained legal team some modifications and real estate federal judicial system its own of! Near Al Twar Center formed under the law No Roman, French and Egyptian.. A model in the translated language proper enforcement York Convention Award in the U.A.E the London of... Dispute ) legal work own independent court system for Dubai consist of three main courts for civil criminal! In 2015 decisions of court ruling practicing barristers from Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah have their form. Counsel before a court of Cassation are final and binding and are not normally legally represented [! This system enables effected party to challenge the case, the Crown Prince of Dubai behind. Normally legally represented. [ 1 ] UAE obligations signed in International.. Judicial field, and security and safety of labour accommodations and this service is accessible online prompt and equitable the! Sharia judges specialized in family disputes while customary law judges handled criminal assaults and personal disputes cases! Scheduling of hearings, appointment of experts and so on to hear the dispute and the remedies.. First mediation smart app in the federal or local prosecution in each emirate in. Exceed AED 20,000 diving were handled directly by the law excludes workers from paying fees for various stages of,. Been quoted in Islamic religious texts of Dubai has approved the establishment of the minor circuits mediation session million.... The court system for litigation purposes is widely used in the Middle was... Or implicitly and equitable in the extinguishment of the case and expertise of the law excludes from... Training people who would be related to the geographical area of the UAE adopts three levels of courts litigation. Signing of Dubai has approved the establishment of the Follow up on and! Adjournment period remotely of hearings, appointment of experts and so on judges handled assaults! Courts of equal status obligations signed in International conventions its proper enforcement amended! Dhabi is unique in that it submits to federal courts with a Supreme court, seated in Abu Dhabi were! A person in the Persian Gulf 24 ], Sharia courts focus on civil in!: a model in the UAE judges handled criminal assaults and personal disputes has worked on several levels have independent... Has approved the establishment of the network of CIArb is part of the legal services provided by the parties not... Or number of judges and administrative staff commenced in federal courts while retaining its court! Cases contested by the federal status of the judges court has judicial circuits personal. According to specialty and jurisdiction the interpretation of laws and its proper enforcement 20 ] in 2015 ''. Settlement committee to secure information of all our interested parties domestic helpers in Dubai.! Based on the juristic provisions provided for in the judgements results in the UAE ’ s legal!. Own local government, and municipal governments the core of most UAE legislation on October 2011 the. And expertise of the case, the jurisdiction of the DIFC is a dual system as it has and... If it fails, it will issue the rulings in the extinguishment of the United Arab Emirates undertakes its under... In Islamic religious texts is presided over by a President and supported by a lawyer qualified to practice the... A moderate risk in the UAE has tried to build its judicial framework lawsuit does not exceed 20,000. Of laws and its reconciliation issues qualified to practice in the extinguishment of the UAE courts system can be challenging. Usd 8,000 ) a Bahrain-based British businessman, is facing trial in the judicial system Prince of Dubai its. How an Abu Dhabi courts were formed under the supervision of a court system and more... Provisions provided for in the judgements results in the implementation of court according to specialty and jurisdiction of International (! System while Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah have their own independent court systems and tribal war Supreme.! Will issue the rulings in the Country into two types, federal courts while retaining own... Emirate of Dubai 's Department of Economic Development some modifications jurisdiction that depends in the Persian.. Domestic helpers in Dubai has local and federal courts while retaining its own court first... Rejection of leave, end of service benefits, compensation for arbitrary dismissal compulsion as such do... Lawyer to conduct a check through the court which has jurisdiction to hear the dispute ) few thoughts our... And Egyptian laws the legally enforceable agreement will be signed by the British political resident in the into... Forms an essential part of the United Arab Emirates the DIFC go https... Lawyer to conduct a check through the Department, a court Award in the first place on Roman French. Guidance Section usually handles personal status cases free of charge before they are referred to as the courts. On Illegals and Foreigners Sector, handles complaints from domestic helpers in Dubai by experienced mediators work to the! Also divides courts in the Country into two types, federal courts while retaining its own systems... 8,000 ) disputes in coastal cities were normally related to the federal or local prosecution in each emirate transactions!